Abnormal Pap Smear (Cervical Dysplasia) Women's Health Symptoms

What is Cervical Dysplasia?

It’s a precancerous condition that occurs on the surface lining of the cervix.  It can be linked to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or just occur naturally.

Symptoms

Cervical dysplasia seldom shows itself in symptoms.  Instead, it’s often found by doing a pap smear.  However, when symptoms do occur, they include:

  • Genital warts
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Spotting after intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Low back pain

Causes

(from http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/cervical-dysplasia)

There’s no single cause of cervical dysplasia, but several risk factors contribute to its appearance:

  • HPV infection
  • Genital warts
  • Smoking
  • Being sexually active younger than 18 years old
  • Giving birth before age 16
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Having a partner whose former partner had cervical cancer
  • History of one or more sexually transmitted diseases, such as genital herpes or HIV
  • Having suppressed immune system, such as from HIV or chemotherapy to treat cancer
  • Using birth control pills for longer than 5 years
  • Being born to a mother who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to become pregnant or to sustain pregnancy.
  • Low levels of folate (vitamin B9) in red blood cells
  • Dietary deficiencies in vitamin A, beta-carotene, selenium, vitamin E, and vitamin C (scientific data is not entirely conclusive at this time; see section on Nutrition and Dietary Supplements)

Treatment

Treatment options include; medical management colposcopy, and LEEP (Loop electrosurgical excision procedure).

 

If discovered and treated early, women have a very good chance of preventing cervical dysplasia from developing into cervical cancer.