STDs and STIs – Types, Symptoms, Treatment Women's Health Symptoms

What are STDs and STIs?

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are diseases which are passed through sexual intercourse. There are approximately 20 different different STDs / STIs.

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Types and Their Symptoms

  • Chlamydia

    • Women

      • Sometimes no symptoms

      • Sometimes vaginal discharge

      • Sometimes burning

    • Men

      • Sometimes discharge

      • Sometimes burning or pain when urinating

    • Treatment

      • Medications

 

  • Gonorrhea

    • Women

      • 4 out of 5 experienced no symptoms

      • Abdominal pain

      • Bleeding between menstrual periods

      • Fever

      • Menstrual irregularities

      • Painful intercourse

      • Painful urination

      • Swelling or tenderness of the vulva

      • The urge to urinate more than usual

      • Throwing up

      • Yellowish or yellow-green vaginal discharge

    • Men

      • 9 out of 10 men experienced no symptoms

      • Pus-like discharge from the penis

      • Pain or burning feeling while urinating

      • More frequent urination than usual

    • Treatment

      • Medications

 

  • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

    • Women and Men

      • Early symptoms

        • Extreme tiredness

        • Tenderness and pain in the lower abdomen

        • Loss of appetite

        • Nausea, vomiting

        • Headache

        • Fever

        • Hives

      • Later symptoms

        • More severe abdominal pain

        • Dark urine

        • Pale-colored bowel movements

        • Jaundice- yellowing of skin and eyes

    • Treatment

      • If acute, HBV the virus will go away on its own

      • If chronic, treatment includes medication and possible liver transplant

 

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

    • Women and Men

      • Swollen glands in the throat, armpit, or groin

      • Slight fever, headaches, fatigue, and muscle aches

      • Usually no symptoms for years

    • Treatment

      • Medications

      • Prevention education
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

    • Women and Men

      • No symptoms

    • Treatment

      • Medications

      • Surgery

 

  • Syphilis

    • Women and Men

      • Primary stage

        • A painless sore or open, wet ulcer on the gentials

      • Secondary stage

        • Body rash, often on hands or feet

        • Mild fever

        • Fatigue

        • Sore throat

        • Hair loss

        • Weight loss

        • Swollen glands

        • Headache

        • Muscle pain

      • Late stage

        • Damage to nervous system

        • Damage to heart

        • Damage to brain

        • May lead to death

    • Treatment

      • Medications

 

  • Trichomoniasis

    • Women

      • Most don’t experience symptoms

      • Itching of the genitals

      • Burning of genitals

      • Redness of genitals

      • Soreness of genitals

      • Discharge of genitals

      • Discomfort urinating

    • Men

      • Most don’t experience symptoms

      • Itching inside penis

      • Irritation inside penis

      • Discomfort urinating

      • Discharge

    • Treatment

      • Medication

 

  • Genital Herpes

    • Women and Men

      • Usually no symptoms

      • One or more vesicles on our around the genital, rectum, or mouth

      • Vesicles may break and cause painful ulcers

    • Treatment

      • Medications

Causes

STDs and STIs are caused by having unprotected sex.

Treatment

If you had unprotected sex, or think you have an STD or STI, it’s important to get tested right away.